From my earlier post last week, I had written about the difference between skin type, skin concern and skin condition. Today I will be talking a bit more about oily skin types in detail.
Your skin type can not be changed, however there are ways to improve it by making the right dietary, lifestyle and skincare product choices.
How do I know the difference between oily and combination skin?
Combination skin is more oily on the T-zone (forehead down the nose to chin) wheras oily skin is oily on most part of the skin. If you pay close attention to this type of skin, you will see that oily skins have open pores all over compared to someone with combination skin. Unlike what a lot of people think, oily skin is not bad skin to have apart from the irritating oily shine. On most occasions oily skins tends to age slower than dry skin and maintains it’s firmness and skin tone for much longer.
I have oily skin from my mum and oh boy have I walked around with an oily shine all my life. As a teenager well into my mid 20’s my skin was always very congested with blackeads and painful papules and pustules (spots). Unbeknown to what I was doing, I used a cheap supermarket face wash and expected that to solve all my skin problems! The longer I worked in the beauty industry, the more I learned to understand how I can look after my skin without making it worse.
Oily skins often times comes with an oily scalp. And you will equally find oiliness and congestion around the front of the neck and décolleté area, as well as on the back, neck and shoulders.
Here are some tips at keeping that oily shine under control.
1. Don’t exfoliate too much
Although exfoliation is good for removing dead skin cells and clearing pores, it is important to only exfoliate 1-2 times a week with oily skin. By exfoliating too often, the sebum glands becomes over stimulated and prodces more sebum which in turn gives more of an uncontrollable oily shine.
2. Always use a toner
It is important to use a toner after cleansing. Many people don’t understand what a toner is for and is often times used incorrectly. A good toner not only refines pores after cleansing, but also balances the PH of the skin. Our skin has a protective layer called an “Acid mantle” where the skin produces lactic acid to protect against bacteria and impurities entering the skin. This also keeps an oily shine under control for longer.
3. Only cleanse twice a day
Cleansing the skin too many times a day can cause over production of sebum (oil). By stripping the skin of it’s natural oils, the skin will be desperately trying to replace that moisture and in turn produces more oil than before. This can also contribute to pores getting congested (blackeads)
4. Always moisturise
For oily skin it is better to use a moisturising lotion (water or gel based) compared to a cream (oil based). Oily skins can also become dehydrated on the deeper levels of the dermis and so needs to be hydrated daily. Again, twice a day is enough by using just a pea sized amount each time.
5. Use a clay mask
There are many types of clay masks on the market but I find that I prefer the ones that doesn’t go rock hard on your skin. Saying this however, these types of masks are pretty good to use once a week. They are particularly good for clearing and refining pores and reducing an oily shine.
6. Spend some time in the sun
When I was a teenager, I found that my skin became particularly congested over the winter months. Having sat in the sun for 10 minutes a few times a week literally drew out a lot of impurities from my facial and back skin. Unfortunately in summer months, oily skin produces more oils, so it’s even more important to stick to a healthy skincare routine.
It is a good idea to steam the face at least once a week to open pores for deeper cleansing. It is best to do this on the day that you plan to exfoliate followed by your mask.
8. Use a blotting paper
There are many blotting paper brands on the market. They often times have a small amount of powder on them to mattify the skin at the same time. Having used these when I was younger, I must say they do work a charm when you are on the go. You can also gently blot with a tissue throughout the day as this will also suffice if you are short of time.
1-2 sessions a month is very good to help purify and refine pores which in turn will help to reduce the amount of oil the skin produces.
10. Throw away those facial wipes!
Facial wipes does not cleanse the skin thoroughly enough, especially when wearing make-up daily. Start with a water based cleansing milk on a cotton pad to remove all face and eye make-up followed by washing the skin with a gentle cleansing gel or foam wash. The best thing is to avoid astringent products as this will also cause skin to over produce oil.